Scientific studies

PowerPoint slides of Fluorescein/Bluestar®/Luminol reactions
Jason Guffey.
Use the right arrow of your keyboard to advance the presentation from slide to slide.
Due to the size of the file, opening this presentation may take a while.

The Effects of Substrate, Blood Volume, and Washing on the Performance of Luminol, Bluestar® Forensic, and Bluestar®Forensic Magnum
Jane G. Mak, Amy N. Brodeur, and Kevin R. Kosiorek. Boston University

M. Hochmeister, O. Rudin, U.V.Borer, A. Kratzer, Ch. Gehrig, and R. Dirnhofer.
Evaluation of Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Membrane Tests for the Forensic Identification of Semen.
(BLUESTAR Identi-PSA is the same product than PSA-check-1 from VEDA Lab.)
Bagshawe, K.D. 1993.
Tumor markers. Br J. Cancer 48 : 167-175.
Kuriyama, M, MC Wang, CL Lee, LD Papsidero, C.S. Killian, H. Inaji, N.H. Slack, T. Nishiura, GP. Murphy and T.M. Chu. 1981.
Use of human prostate specific antigen in monitoring cancer. Cancer res. 41: 3874-3876.
Liedtke R.L. and JD Batjer. 1984.
Measurement of prostate specific antigen by radioimmunoassay. Clin. Chem. 30 : 649-652.

The use of the Hexagon Obti test for detection of Human Blood at crime scenes and on items of evidence (Part I) – Herman et al.
Older product version (blue test)

Validation studies of an immunochromatographic 1-step test for the forensic identification of human blood – Hochmeister et al. (Abstract) – Journal of Forensic Sciences
Older product version (blue test)
Erratum in the list of authors. Please read:
Manfred N. Hochmeister, M.D.; Bruce Budowle, Ph.D.; Rebecca Sparkes; Oskar Rudin; Christian Gehrig, B.S.; Michael Thali, M.D., Lars schmidt, B.S., Adrien Cordier, and Richard Dirnhofer, M.D.

Original Design Manufacturer HUMAN GmbH Confirmation note- Hochmeister et al. (Journal of Forensic Sciences) (en anglais)
Confirmation note of the BLUESTAR® OBTI / Hexagon OBTI equivalence from their Original Designer Manufacturer.

Fish monitoring – A canadian study about using Bluestar or other reagents to detect wounded fish:
Application of forensic techniques to enhance fish conservation and management: injury detection using presumptive tests for blood.

Archeology – Searching for blood on lithic artifacts
A study by Barbara J. Gundy, Ph.D.

The use of luminol photography for bloodstain pattern analysis, an excerpt from the James Stuart & Jon J. Nordby book: Forensic Science Second Edition

Searching for blood on grass:
Cutting it fine – Preservation and detection of blood patterns on grass, including recommendations for optimal detection of blood.
Dekens and Cheetham, Bournemouth University

ABO typing: report on a subsequent analysis of blood evidence treated with BLUESTAR® FORENSIC

I.A.B.P.A. News article: “Bloodstains of Gettysburg: The Use of Chemiluminescent Blood Reagents to Visualize Bloodstains of Historical Significance”
Detective Lieutenant Nicholas Paonessa, Supervisor of the Forensic Identification/Crime Scene Unit, Niagara Falls Police Department, NY, USA.

Journal of Forensic Medecine:
The use of Bluestar® to detect bloodstains (abstract)

Bluestar false positives
A study report about a number of false positives of the Bluestar product and of luminol.

BLUESTAR® vs. Luminol comparison study
St Louis, MO Metropolitan Police Department

PowerPoint slides of Fluorescein/Bluestar®/Luminol reactions
Jason Guffey
Use the right arrow of your keyboard to advance the presentation from slide to slide.
Due to the size of the file, opening this presentation may take a while.

A comparison of visual enhancement chemicals for the recovery of possible blood stains at the crime scene. Luminol vs. BLUESTAR®.
M. Dawn Watkins MS. CLPE CSCSA. King C. Brown MS.CSCSA CFPH.
A shorter version of this paper has been published in the March/April 2006 issue of the Evidence Technology Magazine, volume 4, number 2.

Validation study by the Ministry of the Interior of the Russian Federation – Forensic Expertise Center. (in Russian language).
This study validates BLUESTAR® FORENSIC and the subsequent DNA analysis and determination of the blood group. Also validates the HEXAGON OBTI.

Aycock validation report
Johnnie Aycock, Special Texas Ranger, IABPA Member

Journal of Forensic Sciences 52 (1), 102–109:
Evaluation of Six Presumptive Tests for Blood, Their Specificity, Sensitivity, and Effect on High Molecular-Weight DNA
Shanan S. Tobe, M.Sc., Nigel Watson, Ph.D. and Niamh Nic Daéid, Ph.D. Department of Pure and Applied Chemistry, Centre for Forensic Science, Strathclyde Univ., Glasgow, U.K.

Journal of Forensic Identification:
A Photographic Comparison of Luminol, Fluorescein, and Bluestar by T. Young, Grossmont College, El Cajon, CA.

Journal of Forensic Identification:
Use of BLUESTAR FORENSIC in lieu of Luminol at crime scenes by L. Dilbeck, Scottsdale Police Department.

Canadian Society of Forensic Science Journal:
A new high-performance reagent and procedure for latent bloodstain detection based on Luminol chemiluminescence.
L.J Blum, P. Esperança, S. Rocquefelte

Journal of Forensic Identification 57 (2), 193-198:
STR Analysis Following Latent Blood Detection by Luminol, Fluorescein, and BlueStar.
Cathy J. Jakovich
San Diego Sheriff’s Crime Laboratory, San Diego, CA

2011 Science and Justice paper: “Chemical enhancement of footwear impressions of blood on fabric – Part 2 Peroxidase reagents”.

A comparative study on BLUESTAR® FORENSIC MAGNUM performance and its effects on DNA typing/amplification.
J. Lautz, St Louis University,
S. Webb, St Louis Metropolitan Police Dpt.

2017 Science and Justice paper: “Comparison of methods for visualizing blood on dark surfaces”
BLUESTAR® FORENSIC performance on dark surfaces vs. Fluorescein/Hemascein, Hydrogen peroxide, Ultraviolet absorbance, and Infrared photography.
J. Finnis, J. Lewis, A. Davidson,
Cellmark Forensic Services, UK

“Chemical Enhancement Techniques of Bloodstain Patterns and DNA Recovery After Fire Exposure”

Karolyn L. Tontarski.; Hoskins, Watkins, Brun-Conti, B.S.; and. Michaud.
J Forensic Sci, January 2009, Vol. 54, No. 1

Ancient blood… Presumptive blood testing with BLUESTAR® FORENSIC on 800 years old archaeological contexts, Antofagasta de la Sierra, South Highlands (Puna) of Argentina.
Sara López Campeny y Andrés Romano
Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas,
Instituto Superior de Estudios Sociales (ISES-CONICET)
Instituto de Arqueología y Museo, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán (IAM-UNT).